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Alcohol-related Liver Disease (ARLD)

Drinking

Excessive alcohol use causes liver damage, which is known as alcohol-related liver disease (ARLD). Alcohol consumption can cause the liver to swell and become inflamed over time. 

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Excessive alcohol intake has a number of negative effects, including liver damage. This is particularly dangerous since liver failure is deadly. Learn how to avoid and manage this life-threatening illness. This disease has many symptoms and degrees of severity like stated below:

Symptoms of ARLD

ARLD typically does not show any symptoms until the liver has been heavily damaged.

Symptoms of this include:

• Nausea

• Vomiting blood or passing blood in your stools

• Weight loss

 • Lack of appetite

Jaundice (yellowing of the eyes and face)

 • Swelling in the ankles and belly

• Disorientation or sleepiness

As a result, ARLD is usually discovered during tests for other diseases or at an advanced stage of liver damage.

Stages of ARLD

ARLD is divided into three main stages, however there is sometimes overlap between them. These stages are described in detail below.

Alcoholic fatty liver disease

Even if it’s only for a few days, drinking a lot of alcohol can cause fat to build up in the liver. This is the initial stage of ARLD and is known as alcoholic fatty liver disease. Fatty liver disease has few symptoms, yet it’s an essential indicator if you’re consuming too much alcohol.

Fatty liver disease can be cured. If you don’t drink for two weeks, your liver should then be back to normal.

Alcoholic hepatitis

Alcoholic hepatitis, which is not the same as infectious hepatitis, is a potentially fatal disease induced by long-term alcohol abuse. When this happens, it’s possible that it’s the first time a person realises they’re harming their liver with alcohol. If you have been binge drinking, you may develop alcoholic hepatitis.

Mild alcoholic hepatitis typically reversible if you quit drinking for good. Severe alcoholic hepatitis, on the other hand, is a life-threatening condition.

Cirrhosis

Cirrhosis is a stage of ARLD in which the liver is severely damaged. There may be no visible symptoms even at this stage. Although it’s not usually reversible, abstaining from alcohol can help you live longer by preventing future harm and extending your life expectancy.

A person with cirrhosis caused by alcohol who still does not quit drinking has a less than 50% possibility of living for another 5 years.

Outlook

Liver illness

ARLD has the potential to reduce your life expectancy. Quitting drinking, on the other hand, can reverse this. If you or a loved one drinks excessively, it is not too late to adjust your lifestyle choices.

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